Addiction is a growing problem, especially in Pakistan, where there is lack of treatment facilities and awareness among general public. People in foreign countries are somewhat aware about the issue of drug addiction and how to take care of their health and overall wellbeing. Despite this, many people there are addicted to drugs.
Addiction is a huge problem globally which is increasing day by day. Everyone of us has a responsibility to spread awareness about it and other mental health problems. I have already mentioned about the alarming stats of drug addiction and mental disorders in one of my previous blogs. You can learn about the definition and explanation of drugs, addiction and substance use in my previous blogs. If you read them, you will have a clear idea about these things.
Drug addiction is a disease and it’s a brain disease. It effects the structure and function of our nervous system, which is the most important system in our body, as it controls everything related to our physical or mental health/state.
Drug addiction is a disease which transfers from parents to children and grandchildren. Like diabetes, it can be manifested in a generation or not, it depends upon the dominant genes. It is a primary, progressive, chronic, and a deadly disease. It’s a disease so it requires treatment. It is not a curable disease, but it can be managed like diabetes and hypertension.
Drug addiction is a relapsing disease. Relapse is common and part of the disease. Like in Asthma and Diabetes, people do relapse when they do not follow the recovery and health guidelines by their physicians.
People with many physical diseases seek professional medical help, but unfortunately, due to stigma attached to Drug addiction and Mental disorders, people are not willing to seek help. This complicates the disease further. Addiction or any other mental disorder is not a character flaw. It’s a real disease, which if remain untreated can cause multiple other problems or even death.
Drug addiction is a family disease, as it not only has a significant negative impact on the life of addict alone, but also on the family too. It is painful to see a loved one going away from you due to drugs. Once a person has a fully blown disease of addiction, he cannot stop using drugs on his own as his brin chemistry is altered and taking drugs is not in his control. This disease controls the person.
WHAT IT LOOKS LIKE
When a person is in addiction, he is unable to do simple daily chores and all aspects of his life are affected badly. Some of the indications which can tell you that a person has the problem of drugs are as follows:
- Mood swings
- Lack of concentration
- Memory problems
- Financial difficulties
- Relationship breakups or problems
- Late to work or unable to continue jobs
- Poor hygiene
- Poor appetite
- Extreme pain (when not able to get the drugs)
- They may be involved in crimes like theft
- Cravings for drugs
- With each use, amount of drug is increased
- Most of the time is spent thinking about the drugs
- Physical, psychological and/or spiritual problems
- Low self-esteem
- Un willing to meet or talk to family and friends (who do not do drugs)
DRUG ADDICTION TREATMENT AND MANAGEMENT
As already mentioned, that the disease of addiction in not curable but it is manageable. It can be managed after treatment, rehabilitation and by working over relapse prevention. Steps for treatment and management are as follows:
- Information gathering by family, friends or the addict related to treatment and treatment facilities
- Interviews, mental status examination
- Screening and assessment
- Admission to rehabilitation center
- Evidence based treatment planning
- Psychological evaluation
- Medical checkups
- Psychiatric treatment
- Group and individual counseling
- Family counseling and psychoeducation
- Self-help groups and N.A meetings
- 12 steps facilitation
- Psychological well-being
- Relapse prevention workshops
- Coping skills training
- Physical fitness
- Balanced diet
- Daily routine maintenance
- Time and anger management
- Crisis intervention
- Fitness and nutrition
- Follow ups after discharge and extended aftercare
- Out-patient counseling
- A Meetings
- 12 steps working practically
- Money management
- Half-way house facility
- Day care facility
PRC Rehab and Parvarish Recovery Centers provide all these facilities. Consultation is free of cost. Primary treatment is of 3 months and secondary treatment extends from 6 months to an year. Management is a life time process. For more details regarding drug addiction treatment visit or centers or call at 0341-1959599.