What is Cocaine Abuse?

There are many different kinds of illicit drugs; “Cocaine Abuse” is one of them. Cocaine is a stimulant drug and is extremely dangerous as it has a high potential for addiction, abuse, and disturbing the brain chemistry. It is a recreational drug as it produces “Euphoria”.


The cocaine drug is a white to pinkish or beige colored powder extracted from “The Coca plant. When it is in the form of crystals, it is known as Crack Cocaine drug. The word “crack” is given as it gives a cracking sound when heated. There is no difference in the chemical properties of Cocaine Addiction and Crack Cocaine; only looks different. Crack cocaine is cheaper to buy as compared to Cocaine; Cocaine drug is an expensive drug.


Cocaine was used as a medicine till the early 20th century. It was known as “Wonder Drug”. It was used as a painkiller and as an anesthetic. Father of Psychoanalysis, Psychologist Sigmund Freud used the drug himself and named it as a “tonic” to cure sexual impotency and depression. In 1884, he called Cocaine drug as a “magical substance” and describes its benefits in an article “About Coca”. It also remained an ingredient of the soft drink Coca-Cola. Now it is a Schedule II drug. Cocaine became the second most trafficked illegal drug globally in 2008.


Cocaine drug, an alkaloid, is obtained from two species of coca; Erythroxylon coca Lam and Erythroxylon Novogranatense Heiron. Pure cocaine is mixed with different other substances to make it look white such as sugar, talcum powder, and cornstarch. When powdered caffeine and procaine are added to cocaine, it gives it a less white look.


Cocaine drug smells like a sweet floral scent, chemical-like or metallic. It has a bitter taste. Crack cocaine smells like burnt plastic or burnt rubber. Cocaine addiction is snorted, injected, or swallowed. Crack cocaine is smoked. Smoking brings an intense and immediate effect on the brain. The effect lasts for about 15 minutes. Users can become addicted after the first use. Cocaine abuse or addiction is very dangerous for the brain. It should be treated and managed as soon as found.


The most widely used street name is COKE.

  • White
  • C
  • Dust
  • Nose Candy
  • Snow
  • Ball
  • Cloud
  • Cookie
  • Hard rock
  • Ice-cube
  • Jelly Beans
  • Sugar block


  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea
  • Elevated heartbeat, body temperature, breathing, and blood pressure
  • Euphoria
  • Bizarre or violent behavior
  • Drug craving
  • Dilation of pupils
  • Hallucinations
  • Irritability
  • Anxiety, depression, paranoia
  • Panic, psychosis, sleep disturbance
  • Seizures
  • Sudden Death (if taken in high amounts)
  • Contraction of blood vessels


  • Liver, kidney, lung, heart, and blood vessels damage
  • High blood pressure, brain damage, stroke, and death
  • Chest pains and respiratory failure
  • Tooth decay
  • Tissue destruction in the nose (sniffing)
  • Abscission (injection site)
  • Sexual Problems and Infertility in Men and Women
  • Delirium and mood disturbances
  • Addiction and dependence
  • Tolerance developed
  • Infectious diseases (injecting)
  • Disorientation


Like in the case of any other substance, cocaine addiction cannot be cured, it can only be managed after treatment at a rehabilitation center. Parvarish Recovery Centers (Malir and Muwach Goth, Karachi, and Ghauri Town, Islamabad) and PRC Rehabilitation Center, (Clifton Karachi) provide treatment and rehabilitation facilities for Cocaine and all other types of addictions along with mental health support services for clients and families.

Cocaine is a powerful drug that can even cause death and other lethal damage to the brain and body. Clients who come to PRC for treatment and rehabilitation get specialized treatment from professional and trained staff who understands the disease of addiction and cocaine abuse very well. PRC rehabilitation center provides psychoeducation and awareness to not only the client but also to the families. As addiction is a family disease, it is important that the family understands the complexities of life after addiction, in order to prevent relapse and deaths from overdoses of their loved ones.

Crack cocaine is more abused as it is cheaper to get as compared to powdered cocaine. People living with cocaine addiction are spending their life in a very painful state of mind. Cocaine causes a lot of issues due to which life can become hell. If you know anyone struggling with cocaine abuse/addiction, help them by referring them to rehabilitation centers.

For more information regarding drug addiction, mental health problems, and their treatment, visit our centers or call at 0341-1959599. We provide free of cost consultation.

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