What are Sleep Disturbances?

Sleep is a natural mechanism of mind and body where the body relaxes and refreshes while the mind is in an altered state of consciousness. Sleep is vital for all human beings as it plays an important role in the well being by recharging mental activities in the brain. Sleep and wakefulness re-occur in periodic cycles. Sleep is important for healing of the brain mechanisms as well as for repairing of wear and tear of the body. Sleep improves cognitive functioning and immunity. Sleep is different from coma or disorders of consciousness.

At all ages, sleep is essential, whether you are a kid, an adult, or an aged person, you should give proper time to sleep to remain in good health.

Everything is good when it is in balance. Too much sleep and sleeping less hours than recommended will definitely affects the overall health. Sleep issues can also be an indication of other mental health problems. Many daily life issues are a result of sleep problems, such as feeling tired at work, not attentive in classroom, becomes irritated easily etc.

Substance abuse or addiction clients feel a lot of sleep issues in acute and post-acute withdrawal state. At PRC, our qualified, trained and well experienced team guide clients about how to overcome their sleep issues by reducing their stress levels and providing other case-based techniques.

Following are some of the common sleep-wake disorders according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5).

  • Insomnia (Lack of sleep, trouble sleeping, sleeplessness)
  • Narcolepsy (Neurological disorder; decreased ability to regulate sleep wake cycle)
  • Sleep Apnea (Sleep related breathing problems)
  • Circadian Rhythm Sleep-wake Disorders (Sleep problems related to time)
  • Restless Legs Syndrome (Moving legs during sleep due to not feeling comfort in legs)
  • Hypersomnia (Excessive sleepiness)
  • Rapid Eye Movement Sleep Behavior Disorder (Abnormal behavior during sleep resulting in injuries)

Causes of lack of sleeping:

  • Stress
  • Irregular sleep patterns
  • Use of Caffeine/Alcohol
  • Uncomfortable bed
  • Watching Tv at bed time
  • Using technology gadgets (Mobile/Tab) at bedtime
  • Napping in the evenings
  • Anxiety/Depression (Mental health disorders)
  • Pain/Physical illness
  • Side effects of medications
  • Working in shifts

Effects of lack of sleep:

  • Diabetes
  • Cardiovascular (Heart) diseases
  • Obesity
  • Hypertension
  • Stroke
  • Psychosis

A sleep pattern of less than 6 hours on regular basis is considered as lack of sleep.

Causes of too much sleeping:

  • Tiredness/Fatigue
  • Long term lack of sleep
  • Drug use
  • Sie effects of medications
  • Bi-polar disorder
  • Sleep Apnea
  • Restless leg syndrome
  • Narcolepsy

Effects of extreme sleepiness:

  • Diabetes
  • Heart disease
  • Stroke
  • Increased Fatigue
  • Medical problems
  • Car accidents
  • Memory problems
  • Headaches

Lifestyle change is a good way to overcome most of the issues. In the coming blogs, we will discuss more about sleep, mental health problems and importance of healthy lifestyle.

If you do not feel energetic or refreshed in mornings, you should definitely check your sleep requirements. You can always reach out for help at Parvarish Recovery Center. We are here to listen and help you manage your sleep problems. Sometimes people don’t know the cause of irritation, laziness and lacking concentration and alertness. It might be because of lack of sleep. It is better to seek help before it’s too late. But long-time, chronic sleep issues lead towards more severe mental health problems. If you or any of your loved one is suffering from any sleep disorder/problem, addiction issues or other mental health problems, you can refer them to P-R-C Clifton Karachi. For more information regarding our services feel free to call us at 0341-1959599 or visit our treatment rehabilitation centers.

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